This results in almost all of them being sterile. Therefore, we can conclude that a donkey and an ass are the same animal, but mules and hinnies are different animals. Their characteristics and behavior depend on their breeding and they might have been given an unfair reputation. Their employment as pack animals and their enforced lack of autonomy seem to support this thesis. However, there is little evidence to support their being any less intelligent than related animals such as horses.
In fact, a recent study from show that a donkey's cognitive capabilities are, genetically not considerably different to those of humans . Whether a donkey is smart seems to be more a cultural consideration, rather than one based on scientific evidence.
What is sure is that their contribution to human society is substantial. Human treatment of donkeys over the centuries cannot be described as being so benevolent. Do you want to learn more about the strange similarities and differences in the animal kingdom? Take a look at the following articles:. If you want to know more about how to care for a donkeyyou might want to read this article on how to know if a donkey is pregnant. Dumb or smart asses?
J ournal of Veterinary Behavior3363e Share on:. By Josie F. TurnerJournalist specialized in Animal Welfare. ated: February 4, What is a donkey? Another theory is that it derives from the Spanish "don" for its lord-like demeanor. It is the hybrid between a female donkey a jenny and a male horse stallion. Genealogically, it is more difficult to reproduce a hinny in comparison to a mule.
Take a look at the following articles: Differences between crows, ravens and rooks Differences between wasps, hornets and bees If you want to know more about how to care for a donkeyyou might want to read this article on how to know if a donkey is pregnant.
Click to attach a photo related to your comment. Well that was absolutely informative and now I can explain it to my neighbors!!! Love the pictures such beautiful faces. Very informative and easy to understand. Thanks for the terminology of names. Very useful.
I wanted to know the answer, but I have so much more. I always thought a ninny was someone who was a bit stupid. What a ninny I was! This article is not true!! The head, hip and legs usually take after the jack.
Mules do not have pronounced arches to the neck, even from breeds such as Arabians or Warmbloods. A slight arch or straight neck is preferable to a ewe, or upward curved neck. Both mules and donkeys are shown with a variety of hairstyles from clipped to shaved roached.
Every mule or hinny will have a unique bray. Some donkeys and mules do not exhibit any light points at all - this is not usual due to a recessive genebut is a good identification marker for registration purposes. Mules can be any of the colors that either horses or donkeys come in, along with some unique variations of their own. The only colors mules do NOT come in is true horse pinto due to the genetic factoring of these colors, there are some mules who are close to, but not quite, tobiano patterned, and none recorded in overo.
Breeders wishing for a mule with four white feet should try a tobiano mare. The genes of the mule seem programmed for the unusual, and very strange, loud spotted pinto and appaloosa variants are common. In fact, the best way to produce a spotted mule is to cross a spotted jack to a solid colored mare.
The resulting mule may have pinto-like patches in a variation of the donkey-spot pattern. Appaloosa mares crossed to spotted jacks have often produced mule foals that appear to be roan-patched pinto, with dark leopard appaloosa spots over the dark areas. Mules come in every size and shape imaginable.
The Poitou donkey was used exclusively for breeding huge draft mules from a breed of draft horse called the Mullasier - the Mule producer.
The build of the mule is a combination of both parents. The head resembles both, the eyes being more almond-shaped inherited from the D-shaped eye socket of the donkey. Male mules may have more prominent brow ridges like those of most donkey jacks. The neck is straight and has little arch, even in mules from Arab or Warmblood mares. The overall body shape will be dependent on the conformation of both parents.
Due to hybrid vigor, the mule has the possibility of growing taller than either parent. The rarer Hinnies are often said to be more horselike than the mule, but more often it is impossible to tell them apart. Hinnies may tend to be slightly smaller, simply because of the fact that most donkeys are smaller than horses.
Mules can be used in exactly the same sports as horses - under saddle, in harness, for cutting, roping or dressage. In actuality, they have more stamina and can carry more weight than a horse of equal size. This is due to the hybrid vigor. There is one particular ct where the mule actually outshines the horse, and that is high-jumping.
It stems from the raccoon hunter moving his saddle and pack mules through the woods. Wooden or stone fences could be taken down, but wire ones could not. The hunter would flag the fence with his coat or a blanket, and jump his string of pack mules over one by one. In the showring, mules jump a single rail standard to increasing heights. The last clean jump is the winner.
Mules only 50 inches tall at the withers have been known to clear jumps of up to 72 inches. Mules are not really stubborn. They can seem lazy because they will not put themselves in danger. A horse can be worked until it drops, but not so with a mule. Mules are very intelligent and it is not a good idea to abuse a mule. They will do their best for their owner, with the utmost patience. All of the types listed are registered by ADMS.
Donkeys in the US are classified by type or height, while foreign breeds may exist - A breed must be of the same type and usually has a studbook backing it. Both Parents must be registered Miniatures. These animals are registered by all legitimate American Donkey or Canadian registries, including the American Council of Spotted Asses.
The are often referred to as Sicilian Donkeys, but this is not correct usage, nor is Sicilian the name of the typical coloration of these donkeys. Standard Donkey: This covers the size range of most donkeys in the world.
Apathy & Celph Titled - Donkey Ass (Ft. Majik Most)
The size range is from Most but not all of the background is Spanish stock. Small Standard Donkey: A subdivision of the Standard grouping. Asinusincluding the kulanonagerand kiangfollowed by the African zebras subgenera E. Dolichohippusand E. All other modern forms including the domesticated horse and many fossil Pliocene and Pleistocene forms belong to the subgenus E. The ancestors of the modern donkey are the Nubian and Somalian subspecies of African wild ass. Donkeys were probably first domesticated by pastoral people in Nubiaand they supplanted the ox as the chief pack animal of that culture.
The domestication of donkeys served to increase the mobility of pastoral cultures, having the advantage over ruminants of not needing time to chew their cudand were vital in the development of long-distance trade across Egypt.
In the Dynasty IV era of Egypt, between and BC, wealthy members of society were known to own over 1, donkeys, employed in agriculture, as dairy and meat animals and as pack animals.
These burials show the importance of donkeys to the early Egyptian state and its ruler. By the end of the fourth millennium BC, the donkey had spread to Southwest Asia, and the main breeding center had shifted to Mesopotamia by BC.
The breeding of large, white riding asses made Damascus famous [ citation needed ]while Syrian breeders developed at least three other breeds, including one preferred by women for its easy gait.
11 thoughts on "Donkey, Ass, Burro, Mule, What They All Mean"
The Muscat or Yemen ass was developed in Arabia. By the second millennium BC, the donkey was brought to Europe, possibly at the same time as viticulture was introduced, as the donkey is associated with the Syrian god of wine, Dionysus.
Greeks spread both of these to many of their colonies, including those in what are now Italy, France and Spain; Romans dispersed them throughout their empire. The first donkeys came to the Americas on ships of the Second Voyage of Christopher Columbusand were landed at Hispaniola in Donkeys were documented as present in what today is Arizona in By the Gold Rush years of the 19th century, the burro was the beast of burden of choice of early prospectors in the western United States.
With the end of the placer mining boom, many of them escaped or were abandoned, and a feral population established itself. About 41 million donkeys were reported worldwide in As ofhowever, the Chinese population was reported to have dropped to 3 million, with African populations under pressure as well, due to increasing trade and demand for donkey products in China. In the number of donkeys in the world was reported to be continuing to grow, as it had steadily done throughout most of history; factors cited as contributing to this were increasing human population, progress in economic development and social stability in some poorer nations, conversion of forests to farm and range land, rising prices of motor vehicles and fuel, and the popularity of donkeys as pets.
The rapid increase is attributed to attention paid to identification and recognition of donkey breeds by the FAO's Animal Genetic Resources project. In France, for example, only one breed, the Baudet de Poitou, was recognised prior to the early s; bya further six donkey breeds had official recognition. In prosperous countries, the welfare of donkeys both at home and abroad has become a concern, and a number of sanctuaries for retired and rescued donkeys have been set up.
After human labour, the donkey is the cheapest form of agricultural power. In developed countries where their use as beasts of burden has disappeared, donkeys are used to sire mules, to guard sheep  for donkey rides for children or tourists, and as pets.
Donkeys may be pastured or stabled with horses and ponies, and are thought to have a calming effect on nervous horses.
If a donkey is introduced to a mare and foalthe foal may turn to the donkey for support after it has been weaned from its mother. A few donkeys are milked or raised for meat. The niche markets for both milk and meat are expanding. In China, donkey meat is considered a delicacy with some restaurants specializing in such dishes, and Guo Li Zhuang restaurants offer the genitals of donkeys in dishes.
Donkey-hide gelatin is produced by soaking and stewing the hide to make a traditional Chinese medicine product. Ina drop in the number of Chinese donkeys, combined with the fact that they are slow to reproduce, meant that Chinese suppliers began to look to Africa. As a result of the increase in demand, and the price that could be charged, Kenya opened three donkey abattoirs.
Concerns for donkeys' well-being, however, have resulted in a number of African countries including UgandaTanzaniaBotswanaNigerBurkina FasoMaliand Senegal banning China from buying their donkey products.
InThe Donkey Sanctuary warned that the global donkey population could be reduced by half over the next half decade as the demand for ejiao increases in China. The Mountain Fusiliers each had a donkey to carry their gear, and in extreme circumstances the animal could be eaten. Donkeys have also been used to carry explosives in conflicts that include the war in Afghanistan and others.
Donkey hooves are more elastic than those of horses, and do not naturally wear down as fast. Regular clipping may be required; neglect can lead to permanent damage. Donkey shoes are similar to horseshoesbut usually smaller and without toe-clips. In their native arid and semi-arid climates, donkeys spend more than half of each day foraging and feeding, often on poor quality scrub.
It needs less food than a horse or pony of comparable height and weight,  approximately 1. Donkeys obtain most of their energy from structural carbohydrates. Some suggest that a donkey needs to be fed only straw preferably barley strawsupplemented with controlled grazing in the summer or hay in the winter,  to get all the energy, protein, fat and vitamins it requires; others recommend some grain to be fed, particularly to working animals,  and others advise against feeding straw.
They can meet their nutritional needs on 6 to 7 hours of grazing per day on average dryland pasture that is not stressed by drought. If they are worked long hours or do not have access to pasture, they require hay or a similar dried forage, with no more than a ratio of legumes to grass.
They also require salt and mineral supplements, and access to clean, fresh water. Throughout the world, working donkeys are associated with the very poor, with those living at or below subsistence level.
In the Iberian Peninsula and the Americasa burro is a small donkey. Burro is the Spanish and Portuguese word for donkey. In Spanish, burros may also be called burro mexicano 'Mexican donkey'burro criollo ' Criollo donkey'or burro criollo mexicano.
In the United States, "burro" is used as a loan word by English speakers to describe any small donkey used primarily as a pack animal, as well as to describe the feral donkeys that live in ArizonaCaliforniaOregonUtahTexas and Nevada.
An ass and a donkey are in fact the same animal, even if their etymology is a little different. However a mule is not technically a donkey, even if they are related. Further still, a jackass is a. Similar searches donk booty monster booty donkey booty riding donkey ass donkey booty ebony donkey booty anal big donkey booty girl fucks donkey big booty massive booty donkey show donkey monster booty granny donkey booty homemade donk badonkadonk donkey butt bbw donkey booty pawg donkey booty twerking donkey booty backshots mega booty biggest. Related searches big donkey ass sister and brother wrestling young huge ass donkey booty donkey ass anal donkey fuck donkey shorty mac bbw azz overload donkey ass granny the butt xxx badonkadonk donkey dick black bubble butts ebony donkey ass donkey butt donkey ass ebony donkey show huge ass sister ghetto booty donkey punch pawg creampie bbc.
Among donkeys, burros tend to be on the small side. The average age of the burros in the study was 6. Mexican burros tend to be smaller than their counterparts in the US, which are both larger and more robust.
Donkey and ass
To strengthen their bloodstock, in Maythe state of Jalisco imported 11 male and female donkeys from Kentucky. In some areas domestic donkeys have returned to the wild and established feral populations such as those of the Burro of North America and the Asinara donkey of SardiniaItaly, both of which have protected status.
They may compete with livestock and native animals for resources, spread weeds and diseases, foul or damage watering holes and cause erosion. Few species of ass exist in the wild. The African wild assEquus africanushas two subspecies, the Somali wild assEquus africanus somaliensisand the Nubian wild assEquus africanus africanus the principal ancestor of the domestic donkey.
Donkey Terms. Ass: The correct term for the animal commonly known as the donkey, burro, or jackstock. The term comes from the original Latin term for the animal which was Asinus. The scientific term for these animals is Equus asinus. The term fell into disrepute through confusion with the indelicate term "Arse" meaning the human backside. Download Donkey ass stock photos. Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors.
There are five subspecies of Asiatic wild ass or onagerEquus hemionusand three subspecies of the kiangEquus kiangof the Himalayan upland. A male donkey jack can be crossed with a female horse to produce a mule.
Donkey Ass Stock Photos and Images
A male horse can be crossed with a female donkey jenny to produce a hinny. Horse-donkey hybrids are almost always sterile because horses have 64 chromosomes whereas donkeys have 62, producing offspring with 63 chromosomes.
Mules are much more common than hinnies. This is believed to be caused by two factors, the first being proven in cat hybrids, that when the chromosome count of the male is the higher, fertility rates drop.
In addition, there are reasons not directly related to reproductive biology. Due to different mating behavior, jacks are often more willing to cover mares than stallions are to breed jennies. Further, mares are usually larger than jennies and thus have more room for the ensuing foal to grow in the womb, resulting in a larger animal at birth.
It is commonly believed that mules are more easily handled and also physically stronger than hinnies, making them more desirable for breeders to produce.
The offspring of a zebra -donkey cross is called a zonkey, zebroidzebrass, or zedonk;  zebra mule is an older term, but still used in some regions today. The foregoing terms generally refer to hybrids produced by breeding a male zebra to a female donkey. Zebra hinny, zebret and zebrinny all refer to the cross of a female zebra with a male donkey. Zebrinnies are rarer than zedonkies because female zebras in captivity are most valuable when used to produce full-blooded zebras. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.